Signs and Symptoms
Bloodshot eyes or pupils that are smaller or larger than normal.
Sudden change in appetite or sleep pattern.
Deterioration in grooming and physical appearance
Incoherent or slurred speech
Tendency to nod off
Track / needle marks (if injecting the drug)
Loss of interest in activities, hobbies or sports; decreased motivation
Unusual or unexplained need for money; borrowing or stealing
Mood swings; irritable and grumpy and then suddenly happy
Decrease in performance and attendance at work or school
Involvement in suspicious or secretive behaviors; withdrawn
Sudden changes in relationships and friends
Frequently getting into trouble
Category and Name
|Heroin||Diacetylmorphine||Smack, horse, dope, H, junk, white horse, china white||Injected, smoked, snorted|
|Opioid Pain Relievers||Dilaudid, Vicodin, Lorcet, Lortab, Duragesic (fentanyl), Demerol, Percocet, Percodan, Oxycontin, Codeine, Opana||Oxy, O.C., hillbilly heroin, patches, percs, vikes,||Injected, smoked, snorted, orally, topically|
|Methadone||Methadose, Dolophine||Done, meth, wafer||orally|
|Suboxone / Subutex||Buprenorphine + naloxone, buprenorphine||Subs, bupe, stop signs, subu||Injected, orally|
People of any age, sex or economic status can become addicted to a drug. However, certain factors can affect the likelihood and speed of developing an addiction:
• Personal or family history of addiction. Drug addiction is more common in some families and likely involves genetic predisposition. If you have a blood relative, such as a parent or sibling, with alcohol or drug problems, you’re at greater risk of developing a drug addiction.
• History of physical or sexual abuse
• Being male. Men are more likely to have problems with drugs than women are. However, progression of addictive disorders is known to be faster in females.
• Having another mental health disorder. If you have a mental health disorder such as depression, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or post-traumatic stress disorder, you’re more likely to become dependent on drugs.
• Peer pressure. Peer pressure is a strong factor in starting to use and abuse drugs, particularly for young people.
• Lack of family involvement. Difficult family situations or lack of a bond with your parents or siblings may increase the risk of addiction, as can a lack of parental supervision.
• Taking a highly addictive drug. Some drugs, such as stimulants, cocaine or painkillers, may result in faster development of addiction than other drugs. However, taking drugs considered less addicting — so-called “light drugs” — can start you on a pathway of drug use and addiction.